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Removable Dentures

Conventional removable dentures are divided into partial and full prosthesis.

Partial Denture

Bigger gaps between the teeth can be bridged with partial prosthesis. The denture is secured to the remaining teeth with clasps or other retainers. This variant is economical but does not usually provide an esthetically satisfactory result and can lead to problems with oral hygiene. In addition, the teeth used for securing the clasps can be loosened by poor loading. This can even lead to these teeth being lost too.

Full Denture

For those people who have no teeth, full dentures are used to provide a functioning set of teeth. With this solution, the new teeth are borne by a gum-coloured acrylic base. In the upper jaw, these restorations are held in place by suction forces. The sensation of taste, in particular, can be greatly impaired as the palate is covered by acrylic. A substantial jaw ridge helps to hold full dentures in place. However, because of the lack of stress on the bone, resorption will occur resulting in an ill-fitting denture.

Advantages:

  • Cheaper in the short term.
  • It is not necessary to carry out a surgical operation.

Disadvantages:

  • The denture is not fixed.
  • Chewing function and thus the range of foods that can be eaten is often restricted.
  • The poor fit of the denture can lead to painful pressure points.
  • Because of the lack of bone stimulation, this can shrink and further worsen denture fit.
  • Speech can be impaired by poorly fitting dentures.
  • The sense of taste can be impaired.
  • The results can be unsatisfactory esthetically.
  • Partial dentures can damage the remaining teeth by incorrect loading.
  • Self-confidence and quality of life can be impaired.